Femtosecond Lasers for Material Processing and Micromachining Applications



    Short pulsed Femtosecond laser  applications are continually growing and being developed across a variety of market spaces including micromachining, bio, medical, and research & development.  Ultrafast lasers are primarily utilized in applications where the required HAZ and quality cannot be achieved by a traditional CW or long pulsed fiber or nanosecond and picosecond laser systems.  RPMC Lasers Inc. offers a range of Femtosecond laser systems with power levels up to 50W and pulse durations <120fs and repetition rates from single shot to several MHz’s.

    Femtosecond Lasers

    A femtosecond is equal to 10 to the −15 of a second, which is one millionth of one billionth, of a second. At a given pulse energy, the peak power of the laser increases as the pulse width gets shorter.  Therefore, femtosecond lasers have much higher peak power than longer pulsed picosecond, nanosecond, or millisecond pulsed lasers.  These higher peak powers result in higher removal rates in a given material due to the fact that more of the total energy is transferred to the material and less is pulled into heating the material.  The high peak powers of these femtosecond lasers, often several MW, creates a breakdown between the electrons and atoms in the material, causing what is known as a “Coulomb explosion”.  A Coulomb explosion is a cold processing alternative to the conventional thermal ablation utilized by longer pulsed lasers. Ablation is a thermal process that relies on local heating, melting, and vaporization of molecules and atoms. Ablation can be detrimental for some laser applications as it typically creates unwanted HAZ, recast and burs, all of which are negative effects of heat making cold ablation a better option.

    Micromachining with Femtosecond Lasers

    The primary application for femtosecond lasers is micromachining, which can include consumer, medical or R&D applications.  Typically, these applications require femtosecond pulses for their cold-ablation affects.  Femtosecond lasers are ideal tools for applications where micro-cracks, heat affected zones (HAZ), or recasts are detrimental to the integrity or lifetime of the material being processed.  

    A growing application for femtosecond lasers is in the field of handheld electronics...more specifically cell phones and tablets.  Manufactures are experimenting with different materials to make a more robust product.  The popularity of ultrafast femtosecond lasers continues to grow in these challenging industrial applications that require cold ablation.

    Our femtosecond micromachining lasers can be applied to a variety of industrial processes, including cold ablation, semiconductor processing, stent cutting, laser marking, TFT repair, thin film patterning, marking, dicing, scribing, solar cell cutting, edge isolation, laser deposition, surface patterning, processing volatile materials, or machining hard materials. Femtosecond lasers are also used in various medical procedures within the ophthalmological and dermatological fields

    Femtosecond lasers microstructure (groove, cut, drill, micromill, etc.) virtually any material with:

    • no thermal side-effects such as microcracks, burrs, or recast
    • lateral features as small as a few um
    • pulses-on-demand for easy integration into delivery systems
    • high average power, pulse energy and rep rate for increased ablation rate per pulse

    Examples for industrial femtosecond laser micromachining can include:

    • IMD – medical and biomedical devices (PMMA, PLLA, catheters, stents, pacemakers, guidewires, cutting, drilling, de-coating, etc.)
    • FPD- flat panel display (AMOLED, OLED, Quantum Dots panels)
    • Micro and nano-processing of complex materials (glass, ceramics, quartz, sapphire, organic tissues, etc.)
    • Surface texturing

    Application lab services are available for proof or principle testing.  Please contact RPMC Lasers for more information.

    Spark Lasers develops, manufactures and sells innovative, compact femtosecond lasers worldwide to the Micromachining and Biophotonics market segments.   Our modular, highly versatile design allows for fast and easy integration and maintenance.  Spark Lasers high-quality standards, combined with the best photonics technologies available, enable us to deliver cutting edge, compact and affordably priced ultrafast lasers to both industrial and life-science experts.

    KMLabs delivers record performance ultrafast fiber, Ti:sapphire and EUV systems that are designed and engineered for each application. Located in a new manufacturing facility in boulder, with state-of-the-art engineering and production KMLabs is continuing it's history of being the leader in Ulttrafast laser and X-ray science.


    Diadem Femtosecond Laser

    Diadem Femtosecond Laser produces high energy, femtosecond pulses (<400fs), in a compact and robust format. Offering a low total cost of ownership, high precision and ease of integration, the DIADEM industrial femto laser is ideally suited for industrial applications such as glass engraving or micron-scaled features drilling/cutting used in a wide variety of market segments.

    DIADEM Key Features:

    • Up to 30W at 1030 nm
    • 400 fs pulses
    • Up to 30 μJ @ > 1 MHz
    • PRF range single shot to 1 MHz
    • Burst mode, real Sync.-in M² < 1.2
    • Rugged design
    • Maintenance free
    • Worldwide warranty coverage 24 months

    From single shot to 1 MHz, its efficient, easy to use GUI allows for the fine tuning of parameters to meet the most challenging processes.

    DIADEM ultrafast femtosecond laser is well suited for year round 24/7 operating environments.  Its compact size, high performance and low capital investment make it an ideal source for your ultrafast laser needs.


    Y-Fi: Femtosecond Laser

    The Y-Fi laser series is a family of high average power, high repetition rate near-IR ultrafast fiber lasers. Y-Fi products are based on a single rugged opto-mechanical platform and are engineered for hands-free operation.
    Y-Fi Outstanding Characteristics
    Y-FI Femtosecond Laser

    Y-Fi Overview

    • Wavelength: 1035nm
    • Pulse-width: <190fs
    • Output-power: 4.5W, 20W, 50W
    • pulse-energy: 0.45uJ, 3uJ, 40uJ
    • Rep-rate: 0.5 - 15, 60MHz
    • q-switch-type: Active

    The short, clean pulses of the Y-Fi laser series deliver more peak intensity per mJ than competing products. KMLabs guarantees both pulse duration and pedestal energy content, verified with a FROG pulse measurement, to ensure each laser pulse is free of picosecond background that robs energy from the main short pulse. Thus, more of the laser output is truly usable, requiring less energy/average power
    and decreasing the probability of seeing collateral damage and other detrimental interactions.


    Other Femtosecond Sources:


    ALCOR – Ultra-Compact Femtosecond Laser

    ALCOR produces high-average power with ultrashort femtosecond pulses (down to <170 fs) at high repetition rate (80 MHz standard, others optional) in an ultra-compact and robust format. ALCOR is a fiber laser with a best-in-class quality and collimated beam providing high-stability.
    Integrating state of the art high-power fullt package amplifiers and pulse management, ALCOR offers remarkable pulse quality at high average power with no maintenance required.


    • High repetition rate: 80 MHz
    • High power: from 1 W to 2 W
    • < 170 fs (standard)


    • Ultracompact, robust & air cooled fiber laser
    • Plug’n play: < 5 min set up, sync. out / sync .in
    • Intuitive user interface
    • Additional wavelength in option


    • Multiphoton microscopy / Two-photon microscopy
    • Neuroscience

    Customer Care

    • 24-month warranty
    • Worldwide technical support
    • Laser customization


    Altair: Femtosecond Laser

    ALTAIR is a femtosecond, quasi-continuous wave range of lasers, typically emitting at 1040 nm, which delivers industrial grade performance in a rugged, compact, air-cooled package. The Altair is available with repetition rates up to 80 MHz, in a robust and extremely easy to install format.  This ultra-short pulsed laser is ideally suited for the most demanding biophotonics applications. The ALTAIR is capable of average powers ranging from hundreds of mW up to 20W, with ultra-short pulse widths down to < 100 fs (other fs pulse durations available).

    Altair Specifications

    • Wavelength: 1040nm
    • Pulse-width: <180fs
    • Output-power: 1W, 5W, 10W, 20W
    • pulse-energy: 250nj
    • Rep-rate: 20MHz/40MHz/80MHz
    • q-switch-type: Active

    This state-of-the-art fiber laser technology provides excellent beam quality and high resolution that is often required by many life-science microscopy applications. The performances of this range of lasers coupled with cost-efficient components allows for a low cost of ownership.  Typical applications for the Altair include Multiphoton Microscopy, Two-photon microscopy, Neuroscience, Optogenetics, OPO Pumping, Non Linear Optics, spectroscopy, Terahertz generation and many more.


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